Clara Wetherald A Methodist, Then a Free Methodist and Finally a Congregationalist

I lost Clara Wetherald last year. One day she is at the 1890 Free Methodist General Conference passionately defending her right to ordination, and then the next day she disappears. She briefly returns in 1891 to preach at a Free Methodist revival in the Holly/Germany Michigan area, and then, once again, she is gone. At first I thought she had died. Then that theory was thrown out when I found her obit in 1921. So, where did she disappear to for thirty years? I have solved the mystery with the help of an amazing group of descendants and friends who were so captivated by Clara’s legacy that they jumped in to help. I allow them all to claim the title of my research assistant – put it on your resume if you want 🙂

In 1892 Clara Wetherald divorced John to marry Legrand Buell in February. She divorced John and married Buell in the same week. About a year into their marriage Clara moved to Gaylord, Michigan. The Detroit Free Press May 28, 1893, notes that she stops through Holly before moving to Gaylord.  She became the ordained minister at the Gaylord Congregationalist Church on July 19, 1893. Her brothers Frank and C.P. Miller, who were also ministers, preached sermons at her ordination.

Gaylord Congregationalist Church (Now First Congregational United Church of Christ)

Clara was ordained in the Congregationalist Church as Clara Buell and later when she married fellow Congregationalist minister Edward Harbridge (Buell died in 1895), she became known as Clara Buell Harbridge or Clara Harbridge in the Congregational Church Minutes. (Anyone see why it was so hard to track her down?) She was among the earliest women to be ordained by the Congregationalist Church.

While the Congregationalist had risen to attention in 1852 for ordaining Antoinette Brown as the first female ordained minister in the United States, at the conference level the denomination did not ordain women until 1889. Prior to that individual churches had the right to ordain and choose their pastor, but the ordination was limited and Brown’s ordination did cause controversy within the denomination. However, after ordination was approved at the conference level the number of women ministers soared. By 1901 the Congregationalists ordained 47 women. Clara’s ordination was among the earliest. It was even noted in The Woman’s Column, the newspaper of the American Women’s Suffrage Association.

After Clara married her third husband, Edward Harbridge, she shared appointments with him in Congregationalists Churches in Michigan. However, while her ministry with Edward was similar to her shared ministry with her first husband John, she also engaged in numerous social and religious reform efforts on her own. Her Congregationalist obituary notes that she was active in the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), which ties into one of her justifications for wanting to marry Buell and reform him from alcoholism. The Journal of the Michigan House of Representatives also notes that in February of 1913 Clara, the president of the Holly, Michigan WCTU, and a group of seventy-five other members from that chapter filed a petition with the state government in favor of prohibition. Her branch of the WTCU wasn’t alone as numerous other religious organizations, WCTU branches, and women’s groups also filed petitions the same day.

No matter what she was doing Clara was a fighter. She preached for fifty years and devoted her life to ministry and social reform. I can’t help but feel the Free Methodist Church lost an amazing woman when we denied women ordination in 1890. She clearly felt called to preach and went to where she able to get ordained. Because of the denomination’s inability to grant women equal status in ministry and society we lost individuals capable of leading revivals and furthering the growth of the denomination. It must be asked- if we had ordained women back in the 1890s would we have avoided the extended period of legalism the Free Methodist Church feel into and continued our rapid growth? The question can’t be answered, but shame on us for losing Clara Wetherald.

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2 thoughts on “Clara Wetherald A Methodist, Then a Free Methodist and Finally a Congregationalist

  1. All the nuances of this story are lost with the passing of these people, I realize. But I find I have an issue with the ‘divorced and remarried in the same week’; and my understanding of the Congregational Church is that it’s extremely liberal, anything goes regardless of its digression from spiritual teaching. I’ve visited several for different reasons; the last, I got up and quietly left the service because of what was being taught.

    Not to cast a pallor over her contributions. I just wish we could know the heart of the person. I’m sure she was frustrated at being held back. But were there valid concerns about her character and witness? We will probably never know.

    So….that being said, congrats on piecing her life together. You must be thrilled!

    1. Lori, I am still looking for one major piece – Clara wrote an article defending her divorce. Once I find that I think it will help use (hopefully) understand her reasons for divorce. John’s obit notes that he had backslidden and was not allowed to continue in ministry in the Free Methodist Church. He eventually came back and repented and became a member again before his death, but there were some family issues that I have yet to really identify between the two that I do believe played a role in the divorce, but I need to confirm that. Divorce was not common or widely accepted during the time period Clara divorced in and even in the Congregational Church she must have been able to paint good reasons behind why she remarried and divorced. What she choose to do in the 1890s what not what was considered “proper” back then. Here’s to hoping I can find her justification article, it will fill in another big hole…

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